Dumbed-down curriculum teaches primary students less about the world

Revisions to the Australian primary school curriculum for geography mean children will learn much less about the world and its diversity than they do at present. They will learn nothing about some significant concepts such as climate.

The Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA) launched the new version of the Australian Curriculum on May 9. ACARA describes it as “a more stripped-back and teachable curriculum that identifies the essential content our children should learn”.

Overall, the new curriculum reduces the number of content descriptions by 21 per cent. These are statements that describe what teachers should teach and what students should learn. However, in primary school geography, 50 per cent of the content descriptions in the Knowledge and Understanding strand have been deleted or reduced.

The education ministers of the governments of Australia pressured ACARA to further reduce the content in the primary school humanities and social science learning areas. What is this knowledge that they have decided is no longer essential for our children to learn?

Knowledge of the world is gone

The previous curriculum had a sequence of content descriptions that gave students some knowledge of the world beyond Australia. The following have been deleted:

  • the division of the world into hemispheres, continents and oceans (in Year 2)
  • the main climate types of the world and the similarities and differences between the climates of different places (in Year 3)
  • a brief study of the continents and countries of Africa and South America (in Year 4), and Europe and North America (in Year 5)
  • differences in the economic, demographic and social characteristics of countries across the world (in Year 6).
  • the world’s cultural diversity, including that of its indigenous peoples (in Year 6).

The only world knowledge retained in the revision is the study of Australia’s neighbouring countries in Year 3 and Asia in Year 6.

Students will learn nothing about four of the continents. Nor will they learn about the environmental, economic, demographic and social differences and similarities between the countries of the world. They will have no sense of the world as a whole, and its diversity.

In an increasingly interconnected world, children need at least to know about the countries we are connected to through history, trade, migration, alliances and government and non-government aid.

Key concepts have been lost

Concepts are what we think with. Intellectual development is based on conceptual thinking. The previous curriculum developed children’s understanding of the following key concepts and ways of thinking.

The concept of place, including the definition of a place, and an understanding of the importance of places to people. The study of places is the core of primary school geography.

The concept of location, including why things are located where they are, and the influence of location and accessibility on people’s activities. These were in the curriculum to get students thinking about the effects of location and distance on their lives. As well as about where things should be located.

The concept of space, including the management of spaces within neighbourhoods and towns.  This introduced students to debates about how land should be used and how development conflicts are resolved. As well as to the idea of town planning.

The concept of climate. The difference between climate and weather still confuses debate over climate change, so an understanding of this difference is vital.

The concept of a settlement, including the differences between places in types of settlement and demographic characteristics. This added another concept to students’ knowledge of places. It also introduced them to the small area census data that reveal much about Australian communities.

What are the impacts on learning?

The revision of the primary school geography curriculum does three things. First, it severely reduces children’s knowledge of the world. It also reduces students’ exposure to conceptual thinking. Finally, students will be less prepared for geography in secondary school, where curriculum assumes students know what is in the current one.

If the aim of these deletions has been to make more time for the development of literacy and numeracy skills, it is self-defeating. Children apply and develop these skills and expand their vocabulary through subjects such as geography and history.

Is this the best we can do to help young Australians understand the world? The geography curriculum for England demands much more.The Conversation

Alaric Maude, Associate Professor of Geography, Flinders UniversityThis article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Written by The Conversation

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